Approximately 60 million people have glaucoma worldwide, making this disease one of the leading causes of vision loss. Progressive Eyecare believes that having a good understanding of this condition is one way to prevent its increasing prevalence. Let your reliable optometrist discuss this eye disease in detail.
Causes of Glaucoma
One major factor that affects your intraocular pressure (IOP) is your eye fluids. They ideally drain through a mesh channel located in the angle between your cornea and iris. Irregularities in this structure, however, may impede the emptying process of your eye fluids. This can lead to fluid accumulation which may eventually result in increased IOP. It may also cause optic nerve compression which may disrupt the image translation process, leading to eyesight errors.
Glaucoma is also known as the “silent thief of sight” because it’s asymptomatic during its early phases. That said, you may experience frequent headaches, blurred vision, and patchy blind spots as the condition advances. You may also notice having difficulties seeing nearby or distant objects even if you’re wearing contact lenses. Seeing halos around lights and tunnel vision are common symptoms too.
Diagnosis and Management
As soon as you notice any of these signs, make sure to visit your trusted eye doctor immediately. This condition is considered a medical emergency since it could lead to blindness if immediate management is overlooked. We may first perform a comprehensive eye exam, which might include a tonometry test to measure your IOP.
A result showing values above 12-22 mmHg may indicate a need to prescribe IOP-lowering eye drops to prevent the disease’s progression. We may also suggest undergoing conventional or laser surgeries for more severe cases. If you have refractive errors, we may advise using eyeglasses during the recovery period to help maintain your visual comfort and clarity.
For more information about glaucoma, call us at (702) 744-8005 for North Las Vegas, (702) 723-4888 for Boca Park, and (702) 357-8202 for Southwest Las Vegas. You may also complete our form to schedule a visit. We serve North Las Vegas and nearby Las Vegas, NV, areas.